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History

My historical research and essays. Some of the articles may no longer represent my current views and exist here as a record.

The Role of MITI in Post-WW2 Japan

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The Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI) had an integral role in Post-WW2 Japanese economic development. While it is inaccurate to have called...

The Asian and Western Paths of Development

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Kaoru Sugihara (2013) argues that industrialisation can be viewed as two distinctive paths – the Western Path and the Asian Path. The Western Path...
Power Lines Eskom

Energy and the Apartheid State

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Modern industry and commerce rely on energy to function. In South Africa, this energy sector was dominated, throughout the period of 1948 to 1994,...

Rudyard Kipling and Orientalism

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Kipling (1865-1936) is often seen as an Orientalist writer, a branch of arts and literature condemned for its imitation of Eastern life in order...
Power Lines Eskom

A History of Eskom and its Downfall

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This paper analyses the history of Escom/Eskom from its founding to the end of the 20th century, with the aim of establishing the key...

What led to the rise in acceptance of the views of...

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An economy is ultimately built on trust. If society trusts the system, then the system will remain. In the latter half of the 20th...

Was the failure of Kenya Institutional or Neopatrimonial?

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In 1964, Kenya gained its independence under the Kenyan African National Union (KANU), led by Jomo Kenyatta. Since then, the country has faced similar...

State did not help Japan grow: Post-WW2

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While the role of state intervention and planning in the post-WW2 economy of Japan was influential, the successful development of the country cannot wholly...

Institutions and Famine in Communist China and Postcolonial India

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Historically, famine was thought to be a disaster of nature, damaging human creation. All we could do was weather the storm. Famine was seen...

The Rise and Fall of Keynesianism

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By the end of the Great Depression, faith in the laissez-faire market had fallen. Politicians and policy makers were looking for a new system...