Moral Epistemology – can we ground moral knowledge?

Moral epistemology is concerned, like epistemology, with the justification of beliefs. In particular – moral beliefs. Unlike many beliefs, moral beliefs are not cognitively observable (Tramel, 2003). The term ‘moral beliefs’ is interchangeable with principles, statements that determine how we should act and react in particular situations (Gale, 2006). For example, we hold a principle that we […]

The Cogito Ergo Sum: An Introduction

In his First Meditation, Descartes sought to eliminate all beliefs that he held in an effort to seek certain knowledge. With the Dreaming Argument, where he determined that sensory perception was fallible due to the possibility of all experiences being only illusions, Descartes proposed that empirical beliefs could not be certain knowledge (Descarte, 1984:13). A […]